Exploration and analysis of antimicrobial resistance and antimicrobial usage data

Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care, 2016

The Antimicrobial Usage and Resistance in Australia (AURA) project started in 2013, with the aim of establishing a coordinated national surveillance system for antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and antimicrobial usage (AU) for human health in Australia. The project is funded by the Australian Government Department of Health, and has been led by the Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (the Commission).

A key feature of the AURA project is the use of existing programs and data as the foundation for surveillance, wherever possible, and complementing this with new systems, as required. Data on antimicrobial resistance and antimicrobial use are collected and managed by several separate organisations, and the state and territory health departments (referred to as the ‘contributing programs’ in this report). The contributing programs undertake monitoring of AMR or AU within the scope of their program.

The Commission engaged Health Policy Analysis to explore options to co-ordinate/ manage AMR and AU data, including the feasibility of a central repository of this data for surveillance purposes. Health Policy Analysis did this through a review of AMR and AU data and reports and discussions with stakeholders, and made specific recommendations to the Commission for the management of this data in the short medium and long term. The Commission is currently considering the recommendations.